What I’ve Been Listening To: Eric Clapton/461 Ocean Boulevard

1974 album marked Slowhand’s triumphant return to music after three-year heroin addiction

461 Ocean Boulevard represented a clear break for Eric Clapton from his hardcore blues rock-oriented days with John Mayall & The Bluesbreakers, The Yardbirds, Cream and Derek and the Dominos. I’m a fan of all the aforementioned bands but also dig the more laid back side Clapton showed on his second studio solo album, which was released in July 1974.

It’s important to remember this record came after a three-year hiatus during which Clapton had overcome a heroin addiction. As the great documentary Eric Clapton: Life In 12 Bars tells, he tragically ended up replacing heroin with alcohol before finally getting sober in 1987. Clapton had also grown weary about his previous status as a “guitar god,” so he was clearly looking for a new start.

The album opens with a cover of Motherless Children, a blues standard that was first recorded by American gospel blues singer Blind Willie Johnson in 1927. The sped up beat gives the tune a great groove. I also like Clapton’s slide guitar playing.

The second track Give Me Strength is one of three tunes, for which Clapton has writing credits. I dig the dobro he plays on that track, something that at the time of the album’s release seemed to irritate a Rolling Stone critic, who also noted, “What’s disturbing is not that Clapton plays differently, but that he plays so little.” In my humble opinion, knowing when and how to show restraint is part of being a great guitarist.

Willie And The Hand Jive is one of two songs that were also released separately as singles. The tune was written by Johnny Otis and first appeared in 1958. Like the original version, Clapton’s take has a cool Bo Diddley beat.

The second and undoubtedly much better known single from the record is I Shot The Sheriff, a nice cover of the Bob Marley tune. I really like the slightly funky guitar sound and the keyboard part on this recording. It became a big hit for Clapton, hitting no. 1 in the U.S. on the Billboard Hot 100, and also topping the charts in Canada and New Zealand. According to Wikipedia, years later Marley told Clapton he liked his cover.

Next up: Let It Grow, which is my personal favorite on the album and another tune written by Clapton and on which he plays the dobro. Yvonne Elliman sings backup vocals. Before joining Clapton’s band in 1974, she had played Mary Magdalene in the musical Jesus Christ, Superstar. Elliman also scored a hit with If I Can’t Have You in 1978, which became part of the soundtrack of the motion picture Saturday Night Fever. Music critics noted the chord progression of Let It Grow is similar to Led Zeppelin’s Stairway To Heaven, something Clapton himself acknowledged. I wonder whether those same critics also worried about the similarity between Stairway and Taurus, the instrumental by Spirit.

The last track I’d like to call out is Steady Rollin’ Man, a song written by Robert Johnson, one of Clapton’s influences. In fact, 30 years later, he would record Me And Mr. Johnson, an entire album dedicated to the delta blues artist. This is another example where Clapton took an old blues tune and gave it new life and a nice groove by speeding it up.

While 461 Ocean Boulevard received mixed reviews from music critics, it became one of Clapton’s most successful albums with strong chart performances in the U.S. and many other countries. In August 1974, it was awarded Gold status by the Recording Industry Association of America. And, oh yes, it’s also listed at no. 409 in Rolling Stone’s 2012 list of the 500 Albums Of All Time – the same publication whose critic ripped it apart when it originally appeared.

This post wouldn’t be complete without acknowledging the musicians who helped Clapton record the album. Some critics felt they were less than capable – yes, there was no John Mayall, Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce or Duane Allman, but to say that Clapton’s band essentially was mediocre is simply ridiculous, in my opinion.

The musicians included Dick Sims (keyboards), George Terry (guitar, vocals), Carl Radle (bass), Jamie Oldacker (drums, percussion), Al Jackson Jr. (drums on Give Me Strength and Albhy Galuten (synthesizer, piano, clavichord). In addition to Elliman, Tom Bernfield and Marcy Levy were backing vocalists.

Last but not least, the album was produced by studio wizard Tom Dowd. This certainly helps explain the great sound.

Sources: Wikipedia, Rolling Stone, YouTube

9 thoughts on “What I’ve Been Listening To: Eric Clapton/461 Ocean Boulevard”

  1. I have certainly heard songs from this album but not the album from beginning to end. Will find me a copy in the near future. While I would call myself a fan of Clapton’s- I am not a fanatic as I am with some artists. I agree with you the documentary which is on HBO in the US that recently came out on Clapton is excellent. The only flaw- and it may not really be a flaw is the quick rush through the last few decades received in the film but honestly the era where Clapton really mattered was the 1960’s and 70’s.

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  2. Really good album and it marked a real shift away from Layla. I always found it ironic how a guy who left the Yardbirds because they were becoming too “pop,” really turned himself into a pop star with blues on the side. When “I Shot the Sheriff” was out it was all over the radio.

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    1. I agree, on the surface, Clapton’s turn to pop seems to be strange. At the time, I understand he deliberately wanted to get rid of his “blues rock guitar god” status and everything it had brought including a full-blown heroin addiction. Of course, Clapton has since largely returned to the blues. One could say he has come full circle.

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    1. Thanks. I definitely like this album but can also see why fans of Clapton’s earlier hardcore blues rock phase may be less enthusiastic about it.

      What did bug me is when I read some critics essentially called Clapton’s backing band mediocre. Just because you’re not playing with super famous artists like Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce or Duane Allman, doesn’t mean the musicians are bad. In my humble opinion, Clapton’s backing band sounds like fine musicians.

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      1. I am a fan of his early stuff, it’s where I started. I love it but there is nothing wrong with this direction to CB’s ear. This is an album in my pile that I listened to a lot.

        Since you and VC did such a good job with it, maybe I’ll skip it and do a take on ‘No Reason To Cry’. I love that record.

        As far as the musicians I’m pretty sure those guys were on a few JJ Cale records. Apples and oranges. All good players. “Critics” don’t ya love them?

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      2. I only like the critics when I agree with them!😆

        On a more serious note, I’m glad I’m not a critic. Instead of being “forced” to review whatever you’re given, I can simply listen to stuff I like; plus, I don’t have to come with any clever commentary why something is brilliant or sucks – the fact that I simply like something is good enough for me!

        From “No Reason to Cry,” I think I only know “Hello Old Friend” and “Double Trouble.” As I just read, Clapton had help from Dylan and The Band when recording that album, which sounds intriguing. I’m going to check it out.

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